How can you implement a Victorian-style herb garden in a contemporary UK urban home?

If you are an urban dweller in the UK looking for a fresh and practical way to jazz up your home, you might want to consider creating a Victorian-style herb garden. Not only can it serve as an aesthetic feature, but it also offers functional benefits, such as providing fresh herbs for your home cooking. In this article, we guide you on how to implement this lush and richly scented garden in your contemporary urban home.

The Concept of a Victorian Herb Garden

Before embarking on setting up your herb garden, it’s important to understand the distinct characteristics of a Victorian herb garden. What exactly is it, and what does it represent?

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During the Victorian era, herb gardens were a staple in most homes. They served a multitude of purposes – from cooking and medicinal uses to the creation of household products like soaps and perfumes. The Victorians had a notable affinity for herbs because of their versatility and ease of cultivation.

A Victorian-style herb garden is typically characterized by its symmetrical design, often in the form of a square or rectangular layout divided into equal sections by intersecting paths. Each section would be planted with different types of herbs, creating a pleasing array of greenery and blooms throughout the seasons.

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The beauty of such a garden lies not just in its visual appeal, but also in its sensory stimulation. The variety of herbs planted results in a garden filled with intriguing aromas and tastes.

Choosing the Right Herbs

Choosing the right herbs for your garden is integral to achieving the Victorian style. Victorian herb gardens often included a variety of culinary, medicinal, and household herbs.

Some popular culinary herbs in the Victorian era included parsley, sage, rosemary, and thyme. These herbs are not only flavoursome, but are also hardy and low-maintenance, making them ideal for urban home gardening.

As for medicinal herbs, the Victorians heavily relied on plants such as chamomile for its calming properties, lavender for its soothing effects, and yarrow for its healing capabilities.

For household herbs, consider incorporating lemon balm and mint. These two herbs can be used to create natural cleaners and air fresheners for the home.

Planning the Layout

A crucial step in implementing your Victorian-style herb garden is the planning of the layout. Even if you have limited space in an urban home, you can still create a Victorian-style herb garden by using containers, wall planters, or even vertical gardens.

The key here is to maintain the symmetry that is characteristic of the Victorian style. You might want to draw a plan on paper first, indicating where each herb will be planted. This will help you visualize your garden and ensure a balanced distribution of the herbs.

Also, consider the growing conditions of each herb when planning your layout. Herbs like rosemary and thyme prefer a sunnier spot, while parsley and mint thrive in more shaded areas.

Planting and Maintenance

Once your herbs and layout are in place, now comes the fun part: planting. Start by preparing your soil or potting mix. It should be well-draining and rich in organic matter. Then, plant your herbs according to your plan, taking care to place them at the right depth and spacing.

Regular maintenance is key to ensuring that your herb garden thrives. This includes watering, fertilizing, pruning, and protecting your plants from pests and diseases. Each herb has its own specific care needs, so it’s important to familiarize yourself with these.

Bringing It Indoors

Don’t have outdoor space? No worries! You can still create a Victorian-style herb garden inside your home. Indoor herb gardening can be just as rewarding, and it can also add a dash of freshness to your home decor.

Choose a sunny windowsill or invest in grow lights if your home doesn’t get enough natural light. You can experiment with different types of containers, from traditional pots to mason jars to wall planters. And the best part? Having your herb garden indoors means you can enjoy fresh herbs all year round, regardless of the weather outside.

Remember, the main essence of a Victorian-style herb garden is the celebration of herbs in their many forms and uses. So, whether your garden is big or small, indoors or outdoors, the key is to grow herbs that you love and will use regularly. This way, your garden will not only be a beautiful addition to your home, but also a practical and sustainable source of herbs for your household.

Utilising Space and Design Elements

In implementing a Victorian-style herb garden in an urban setting, it would be key to make the best use of your available space. This may involve using window sills, balconies, patios, or even indoor spaces. The Victorian-style herb garden is not only limited to large outdoor spaces but can be effectively scaled down to suit smaller, more compact areas.

Firstly, consider using containers of different sizes and materials. Victorian gardens often featured terracotta and stone pots. Replicate this aesthetic with modern equivalents, or even upcycle old items you may have lying around. Hanging baskets and window boxes can also be utilised effectively, particularly for trailing herbs such as oregano or thyme.

Space-saving techniques like vertical gardening can also be employed. Use wall-mounted planters, shelving units, or even a trellis to accommodate your herbs. This not only allows you to grow a wider variety of herbs but brings an interesting visual element to your garden.

In terms of design, try to maintain the symmetrical layout that characterises the Victorian-style herb garden. This doesn’t have to be rigid, but a sense of balance in your planting scheme will help evoke the Victorian feel. Consider structure, height, and colour in your plans. Some herbs, such as rosemary, can grow quite tall and could be used as a focal point in your garden.

Seasonal Care and Harvesting

The joy of having a herb garden lies in the ongoing interaction with your plants. As the seasons change, your care routine will also need to adjust.

In spring, this is the optimal time for planting most of your herbs. Ensure that any danger of frost has passed before you start. This is also a good time to start fertilising your plants as they enter their growing phase.

During summer, regular watering will be essential, particularly for potted plants which can dry out quickly. However, be careful not to overwater as this can lead to root rot. Some herbs, such as basil, will also need to be pinched back to encourage bushier growth.

In autumn, start preparing your garden for the colder months. This may involve moving your containers indoors or providing cover for your outdoor plants.

Finally, winter is mostly a time for maintenance. Continue to care for your indoor plants and plan for the next growing season.

Harvesting your herbs is another important aspect to consider. Most herbs can be harvested throughout the growing season. However, it’s best to harvest in the morning when the oils in the herbs are at their peak. Always ensure that you leave enough foliage for the plant to continue growing.


Creating a Victorian-style herb garden in an urban home may initially seem like a daunting task. However, with a bit of planning and creativity, you can successfully implement this concept in your own home, regardless of the size or location. Not only will this provide you with fresh herbs for your culinary, medicinal, and household needs, but it will also serve as a delightful green space in your home. Remember, the key is to choose herbs that you love and will use, and to enjoy the process of tending to your garden. After all, gardening is not just about the end result, but also about the joy and tranquillity that comes with nurturing plant life.